Carbon footprint and energy use of coffee produced in different regions of Sao Paulo State, Brazil

LCA study of green coffee produced in Brazil for the 2001/02 and 2002/03 crops (Coltro et al., 2006) showed regional differences in coffee cultivation, identifying large variation in the consumption of energy, water, fertilizers, pesticides and correctives among the farms evaluated, including properties located in the same producing region. Therefore, the objective of this study is to update the previously LCA study of the coffee production in Brazil with the aim of estimating the environmental impact (namely carbon footprint, primary energy demand, and abiotic depletion) of coffee production in different regions of the state of Sao Paulo.

The study was developed in accordance with the international standards ISO 14040 and 14044. The scope was to evaluate the coffee production systems located at São Paulo State, which have different climatic conditions. The data were obtained from three coffee producers for the crop 2016/17. The functional unity adopted was 1,000 kg green coffee produced. The life cycle inventory of green coffee production was estimated.

The data are being compiled with GaBi6 software and the GWP100 and the energy use (primary energy demand and abiotic depletion – fossil) will be estimated and the results will be shown. A reduction of the consumption of fertilizers and correctives was observed when these results are compared with the values published in the study developed for the crops 2001/02 and 2002/03. Therefore, a reduction in the GHG emissions (carbon footprint) is expected for the green coffee produced, indicating the adoption of practices in agreement with the sustainable development.
Author- Leda Coltro , Institute of Food Technology , Brazil

International Conference on Plant ScienceDates- August 6-8 2018Venue- Vienna, AustriaFind more details-https://bit.ly/2JvW4lR

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