Exposure of Infants to Microorganisms

There are millions and trillions of microorganisms that influence the past current and future health of the humans. These microorganisms inhibit the body of humans and are responsible for various serious effects and medical conditions whereas some microbes from the essential duties related to the active healthy growth of the individual.

A research found that babies with limited breastfeeding, problematic delivery, and cesarean delivery babies are exposed to the distort population of the microorganisms in baby’s gut, in this case, is unchecked may lead to a normal to serious health issues in the babies and adults which may include asthma, allergy obesity and type 1 diabetes.

These infant microbe plays a major role in human health as it linked to the increased risk of metabolic and Immune diseases. A group of microorganisms in the human body significantly interacts with the host and the environment that varies in the individuals.

The probiotic supplementation of the mother during and after the time of pregnancy is shown in infant’s microbe. During labor begun, the rupture and the baby acquire the fewer of the mother’s microbes, this case occurs during the virginal birth in which the possibility of a baby exposed to microbes are more than the cesarean.

In the initial stage, breast milk helps in the colonization and maturation in infants. These babies are less likely to develop a respiratory and gastrointestinal infection Later on, an introduction of solid foods in the postnatal period helps in the neonatal intestinal microbes that slowly reduce the exclusive of breast milk feeding. A randomized controlled trial has reported that oral of probiotics and prebiotics together given to preterm babies alter the composition of their gut microbiota and decrease their risk of developing atopic diseases and of fussing and crying. Therefore, strategies to prevent perturbation of the healthy infant microbiome and restore it after alterations should be researched to help curb the epidemic trends of metabolic and immune diseases.

For more details: Medical Microbiology





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